Elon Musk has raised $46.5 billion to fund a potential takeover bid for Twitter, with the billionaire placing up about $21 billion of his personal cash.

Paperwork filed with American regulators signifies that the Tesla chief government has secured backing from a gaggle of funding banks, led by Morgan Stanley, to discover “whether or not to start a young supply” to Twitter buyers to purchase their shares.

Musk, 50, has been a powerful critic of the social media firm, saying it “serves because the de facto public city sq.” and fails to uphold free speech and democratic ideas.

The world’s richest man is Twitter’s largest shareholder, with 9.2 per cent, and had already proposed a $43 billion supply for the social media firm final week. Relatively than reply on to the proposal, Twitter’s board adopted a “poison capsule” defence to restrict Musk’s capacity to boost his stake.

In a submitting with the US Securities and Change Fee, Musk mentioned that “given the dearth of response by Twitter”, he could now enchantment on to shareholders. To fund a takeover, he has lined up $25.5 billion in debt, together with a mortgage towards a few of his Tesla shares, from a gaggle of banks.

He additionally will present $21 billion of fairness for the deal — finance that the maverick entrepreneur would appear to have the ability to simply afford as his wealth is about to balloon by one other $23 billion. On Wednesday, it was disclosed that Tesla’s record quarterly profit means he is in line for the bonus under a lucrative share compensation package that he has on the electrical carmaker.

Twitter, based in 2006, relies in San Francisco. Its microblogging service is among the world’s largest social networks and it makes most of its cash from promoting.

After Musk started constructing his stake, the corporate prolonged a proposal for him to affix the board. That transfer appeared more likely to go forward, just for Musk to reverse course and as an alternative suggest a bid to take Twitter personal.

Twitter responded to that $54.20-a-share supply with a one-year “poison capsule” to fend off a possible hostile takeover by blocking Musk from constructing a stake of greater than 15 per cent. Musk’s response was to warn Twitter about “breaching their fiduciary obligation”, tweeting: “The legal responsibility they might assume can be titanic in scale.”

No timescale for a proper bid was given yesterday, although there was hypothesis it may come inside days, placing strain on Parag Agrawal, Twitter’s chief government, to open direct talks.

In a brief assertion Twitter confirmed it had acquired the “new data on potential financing” and that the board was “dedicated to conducting a cautious, complete and deliberate overview to find out the plan of action that it believes is in one of the best curiosity of the corporate”.

Dan Ives, an analyst at Wedbush Securities, the dealer, mentioned information of the funding would dispel doubts about whether or not Musk was severe. “The poison capsule gave the board time to attempt to discover a second bidder. Now the cleaning soap opera takes subsequent step.”

Musk’s advisers at Morgan Stanley are thought to have lined up about ten banks to again a deal, together with Financial institution of America and Credit score Suisse. Twitter, whose different giant shareholders embody Silver Lake and Elliott Administration, has employed JP Morgan Chase and Goldman Sachs as advisers.

Though a prolific tweeter with a following of 81.2 million, Musk is just not all the time a fan of the corporate. In a single latest publish, he requested his followers if Twitter’s headquarters must be transformed to a homeless shelter “since nobody exhibits up anyway”.

One other tweet requested if Twitter was “dying” as a result of lots of its most-followed customers, together with Taylor Swift, not tweeted regularly.

The would-be social media baron, who additionally runs SpaceX, the area exploration enterprise, has proposed a shake-up of Twitter’s premium subscription service with a potential promoting ban.

Musk’s potential bid comes a day after Tesla eclipsed Wall Road expectations with an 81 per cent rise in revenues and a file first-quarter revenue.

Value an estimated $263 billion, Musk is entitled to extra performance-related share awards from Tesla. He can purchase tranches of shares at $70.10 every. Shares in Tesla rose by $32.26, or 3.3 per cent, to shut at $1,009.46 in New York final evening. Twitter shares rose by 34 cents, or 0.7 per cent, to $47.06.